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Top 5 Responsibilities of a Notary Public and How to Excel in Them

As a Notary Public, you are an essential part of legal authentication, acting as an impartial witness to the signing of important documents. Your primary responsibility is to verify the identities of document signers, administer oaths and affirmations, witness signatures, and maintain accurate notary records.


In this guide, we will take an in-depth look at the top five responsibilities of a Notary Public and provide practical tips for excelling in these duties.


Notary publics at work, signing an important document.

1.     Verify Identities


One of the most important responsibilities of a Notary Public is to verify the identities of document signers. This is vital to ensure that the person signing the document is who they claim to be and that they have the legal authority to sign it. To verify identities effectively and efficiently, here are some tips:


  • Ask for identification: Always ask for government-issued identification from the signer, such as a driver's license or passport.

  • Check the ID: Verify that the ID is valid and not expired. Check the photo on the ID to ensure it matches the person standing in front of you.

  • Keep a record: Make a note of the type of ID, the ID number, and the expiration date in your notary journal.

Common mistakes to avoid when verifying identities include relying solely on the personal knowledge of the signer, failing to check the ID, and not recording the ID information in your notary journal.


2.     Administer Oaths and Affirmations


Another responsibility of a Notary Public is to administer oaths and affirmations. This involves asking the signer to swear or affirm that the information contained in the document is true and correct. Here are some tips for administering oaths and affirmations professionally and accurately:


  • Know the difference: An oath involves swearing to tell the truth, while an affirmation is a solemn declaration that the information is true.

  • Be impartial: As a Notary Public, it's important to remain impartial and not take sides in any legal matter.

  • Use the proper language: Use the appropriate language for the type of oath or affirmation required by the document.


Maintaining impartiality is crucial when administering oaths and affirmations. If you have a personal or financial interest in the matter, you should recuse yourself from notarizing the document.


3.     Witness Signatures


As a Notary Public, you are responsible for witnessing signatures on important legal documents. This involves verifying that the person signing the document is the same person whose identity you have verified and that they are signing the document of their own free will. Here are some tips for witnessing signatures accurately and efficiently:


  • Watch the signer: As the signer signs the document, watch carefully to ensure that they sign their name in the correct place and that they do not alter the document in any way.

  • Use proper procedure: Follow the proper procedures for recording the signing in your notary journal and attaching your notarial certificate.

  • Be aware of fraud: Be on the lookout for signs of fraud, such as a signer who appears nervous or hesitant, or who is being pressured to sign the document.


It's important to follow proper procedures and guidelines when witnessing signatures. Failure to do so can result in legal consequences and damage your professional reputation.


4.     Certify Copies of Documents


Certifying copies of documents is another important responsibility that a Notary Public may have. This involves making a photocopy of an original document and then certifying that the photocopy is a true and accurate copy of the original. This is often required for legal and administrative purposes, such as when submitting documents to government agencies or financial institutions.


To certify copies of documents accurately and efficiently, here are some tips:


  • Check the original: Verify that the original document is complete and legible before making a photocopy.

  • Make a clear copy: Use a high-quality photocopier to make a clear and accurate copy of the original document.

  • Sign and date the copy: Sign and date the copy in front of the document owner or, if the document is being submitted to a third party, in front of a witness.

  • Keep a record: Record the certification in your notary journal, including the date, type of document, and the identity of the document owner.



5.     Maintain Notary Records


Finally, one of the key responsibilities of a Notary Public is to maintain accurate and up-to-date notary records. This includes keeping a notary journal in which you record all notarial acts you perform. Here are some tips for organizing and maintaining notary records effectively:


  • Use a bound journal: Use a bound journal with numbered pages to keep a record of all notarial acts.

  • Be thorough: Record all the information required by law, including the date and time of the notarial act, the type of document, the identity of the signer, and any other pertinent details.

  • Keep records secure: Store your notary journal and any other notary records in a secure location to prevent unauthorized access.


Types of records that must be kept include your notary journal, copies of notarized documents, and any other relevant records, such as receipts for fees charged.



As you can see, the role of a Notary Public is multi-faceted and involves a range of important responsibilities that require attention to detail, strong ethics, and a commitment to accuracy. With these skills and a dedication to your job, you can become a trusted and respected notary public in your community.

A community of notary professionals

To further improve your skills as a Notary Public and to stay updated on the latest industry trends, consider joining the Signature Success Community. Our community of professionals provides a platform for networking and sharing knowledge, as well as access to resources and training materials to help you excel in your role.

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